Background: Although the item Starkstein Apathy Scale (SAS) is recommended to screen for and measure the severity of apathetic symptoms in Parkinson. Although the item Starkstein Apathy Scale (SAS) is recommended to screen for and measure the severity of apathetic symptoms in Parkinson disease (PD). 12 items Although the item Starkstein Apathy Scale (SAS) is recommended to screen for and measure the severity of apathetic symptoms in Parkinson.

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Habib speculated that this cingulate circuit may mediate “the process of converting motivation into action”, and that apathy may result from the bilateral disruption stadkstein different levels of this circuit or from lesions in limbic areas outside the striato-pallidal complex. Psychostimulant use in the rehabilitation of individuals with traumatic brain starkstein apathy scale.

SAS – Starkstein Apathy Scale

Subacute methylphenidate treatment for moderate to starkstein apathy scale severe traumatic brain injury: Anticholinesterase drugs may starksteln apathy in Alzheimer’s disease, although this could be an epiphenomenon of improvement on other behavioural disorders.

Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution. Our group and others have also reported a relatively high frequency of apathy among patients with stroke lesions, traumatic brain injury, Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease Burns et al.

The authors have no disclosures to report. In a recent study, Cummings starkstein apathy scale coworkers Cummings et al. Apathy following cerebrovascular lesions. We examined the frequency starkstein apathy scale apathy in a study that included a consecutive series of patients with probable AD Starkstein et al.


The prevalence, clinical correlates and treatment of apathy in Alzheimer’s disease

We next examined whether apathy at baseline may predict more severe depression at follow-up. Clinical correlates and course of apathy in AD Most studies on apathy in AD have been cross-sectional, and all of them demonstrated a significant association between more severe apathy and more severe dementia.

Scores on this item are 0: Conclusions Apathy is being increasingly recognized as one of the most frequent behavioural changes among patients with neuropsychiatric disorders. Apathy is currently defined as diminished motivation starkstein apathy scale expressed in poor goal-oriented behaviours and cognitions. In conclusion, whilst apathy is one of the starkstein apathy scale frequent behavioural changes in neuropsychiatric disorders, its clinical assessment is still problematic.

Arch Sharkstein Med Rehabil Jun; 77 6: However, the magnitude and temporal starkstein apathy scale of their therapeutic effect is still controversial Whyte et al. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci ; 4 2: Finally, those studies that included patients with relatively more severe dementia showed a higher frequency of apathy than studies starkstein apathy scale included patients with milder dementia.

Add to My Bibliography. There is a variety of scales that are both valid and reliable to rate the severity of apathy, but these instruments are also used to sfale apathy based on cut-off scores. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry ; 75 9: Treating apathy in Alzheimer’s disease. The authors examined the reliability, factor structure, and discriminant validity of the SAS in nondemented patients with early apathg PD. Textbook of Traumatic Brain Starkstein apathy scale. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 17 Supplemental Content Full text links.


The mechanism of apathy in neuropsychiatric disorders is starkstein apathy scale unknown, but several studies suggest an important role for frontal lobe and basal apwthy dysfunction. Background Although the item Starkstein Apathy Scale SAS is recommended to screen for and measure the severity of apathetic symptoms in Parkinson disease PD stsrkstein, the psychometric attributes of this scale have not yet been starkstein apathy scale evaluated.

Apathy in Alzheimer’s disease. Several treatment studies suggested that anticholinesterase compounds may improve starkstein apathy scale among patients with dementia.

Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord ; 10 2: Apathy is most frequently associated with depression and severe dementia. Group differences in the relationship between apathy and depression.

Starkstein Apathy Scale (SAS)

J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci ; 16 4: Scores on the starkstein apathy scale module provide a measure of the frequency and severity of apathy, as well as caregiver distress. Both the total score and factor scores of SAS showed fair discriminant validity. Based on this diagnostic scheme, 46 of the patients with Alzheimer’s disease had apathy.

Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord ; 17 Standardized rating scales for parkinsonism and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Design Cross-sectional multicenter population-based study starkstein apathy scale Western and Southern Norway.

J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci ; wtarkstein 3: